Bronchial Wall Thickening Causes


Bronchial wall thickening (Bronchiectasis) involves a large differential diagnosis. The table below contains a complete list of causes.

 

For organizational purposes, it is useful to divide it into the three broad categories shown on the left. Within each category, the most common disease entities are shown on the right.

 

Causes of Bronchiectasis1

 

Congenital

Cystic Fibrosis

Kartagener's Syndrome

Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Bronchomalacia

Yellow-Nail Syndrome

 

Severe Inflammation

Mycobacterium
(i.e. Tuberculosis)

MRSA

Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, CMV, Herpes simplex, Syphilis (TORCHES)

Fungal infection

 

Obstructive

Foreign body aspiration

Bronchial stricture

Airway mass/tumor

External compression

 

1Table is reprinted with permission from Slotto, J. and Folio, L. (2008). Cystic Fibrosis Chest X-Ray Findings: A Teaching Analog.Military Medicine: International Journal of AMSUS 173(7): xii, xiii.